Team Building and Collaboration

Collaboration in group settings can be challenging as each person brings their own communication styles to the table. Different levels of communication anxiety, and aggressiveness, as well as their unique listening profile. In order for collaboration to be effective and goal oriented, team development must follow a linear path that begins with the formation of the group, during which roles are established, and individuals have the opportunity to reduce uncertainty by getting to know the members of the group (Abudi, 2010). Next, the group has the opportunity for conflict and conflict resolution. During this stage, the members of the group express their ideas and concepts, agree and disagree, and come to an agreement on roles, and processed. In the norming stage, member begin to form the group identity where roles are clear and mutual respect is established. The performing stage focuses on the goals of the task, where collaboration is constructive and ideas are examined, motivate, and are supportive to the end result. 

The adjourning stage is the final stage of the collaboration towards a common goal. At this point, members may celebrate their collective efforts and for some, the working relationships may blossom into new and exciting friendships.  Moreover, on the professional level, this group may hold its group identity moving forward in other endeavors bringing with them a new and vibrant perspective of effective teamwork. This end stage offers opportunities to reflect on the strategies used, offer and receive validation, honor strengths and identify the strategies that did not work as well. In this end stage member may also have an opportunity to exchange information and develop partnerships for the future.

Groups with clearly established roles and expectation are the hardest to leave because they are closer to my preferred methods of engagement. For me, this means that emotions can be left at the door, and there are less chances for conflict. This final stage is often celebrated casually where members get to tell their stories about the engagement, their struggles, and achievement. I find that celebrating adjourning bring back the individual’s contributions each member has applied to the project and to the team itself. Validation then serves a motivation for future engagement.


Abudi, G. (2010). The five stages of team development: A case study. Retrieved


O’Hair, D., Wiemann, M., Mullin, D. I., & Teven, J. (2018). Real communication: An

Introduction (4th. ed). New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s

Published by emijg1015

I began my road to profession during my high school years. I started at a day care center. During my stead, I pursued my love for hospitality and enrolled at the Hudson County Community College Culinary Arts program. Since then, I dedicated a good portion of time in the food and beverage industry. I was always too happy to work and be engaged in every aspect, including doing dishes and mopping to bathrooms and trash. I learned early on that hard work and dedication defined who I was, who I am, and who I will be. During a time of temporary relocation I took on a role as Case Manager for a mostly Hispanic community. Here I fell in love with psychology. Soon after going back home I enrolled in the Psychology program at Argosy University in Sarasota Florida. I applied much of what I learned to how I performed my duties, how I made hiring choices, and more importantly, how to be. On the home front, I applied what I learned when engaging with my family and friends, and in doing so, I have been privileged to inspire my grandchildren to grow up with curiosity and a deep love for adventure. My family is my ultimate love, and my grandkids are my greatest motivators for wanting to pursue an educational path that allows me the opportunity to inspire a young mind. Taking a moment to reflect, I have come full circle. Evaluating the things that I have done, and the strides I have made towards positive professional growth, I return to the place where it all began, school and child care.

One thought on “Team Building and Collaboration

  1. Hi Emily, that was a great summary. I agree that the adjourning stage is a time to reflect on their achievement, what they feel was successful and where there could have been improvements. In all the projects that I have participated in we always has some type of celebration, whether it was going out to eat together or having a catered meal, ora party. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. Cynthia


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: